“A system of interpretation which frankly recognizes the historical meaning of prophecy without thereby detracting from its spiritual essence should have some interest in the present day. ” (Book of Rules, Preface)


TYCHONIUS, d. about 390; belonged to the Donatist sect, though without giving up his connection with the Catholic Church, for which reason he was violently attacked by Parmenianus as a traitor. Of his writings, we have only one, Liber de septem regulis; but as the first attempt at forming a theory of Christian hermeneutics, and on account of the influence which its author exercised on Augustine, it is of great interest. It was first edited by GRYNAEU5, Basel, 1569, and best by GALLANDI, in his Bibl. Vet. Patr., viii. pp. 107-129.

Albrecht Vogel, “TYCHONIUS,” Philip Schaff, ed., A Religious Encyclopaedia or Dictionary of Biblical, Historical, Doctrinal, and Practical Theology, 3rd edn, Vol. 4. Toronto, New York & London: Funk & Wagnalls Company, 1894. p.2409.

Primary Sources

Book or monograph Tyconius, The Book of Rules, William S. Babcock, trans. Texts and translations, 39. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 1989. Hbk. ISBN: 1555403662. pp.153. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph F.C. Burkitt, The Rules of Tyconius. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1894.
Book or monograph G.C. Willis, The Turin Fragments: Commentary on Revelation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1963.

Secondary Sources

Book or monograph Pamela Bright, The Book of Rules of Tyconius: Its Purpose and Inner Logic. Christianity and Judaism in Antiquity, Vol 2. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1988. Hbk. ISBN: 0268012873. pp.200. {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book Pamela Bright, “The Spiritual World Which is the Church: Ecclesiology and Hermeneutics in the Book of Rules of Tyconius,” Studia Patristica 22. Leuven (1989 ): 213-18.
Article in Journal or Book P. Frederiksen, “Tyconius and the End of the World,” Revue des études augustiniennes 28 (1982): 59-75.
Book or monograph W.H.C. Frend, The Donatist Church. Oxford University Press, 1971. Hbk. ISBN: 0198264089. pp.384.{Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Charles Kannengiesser, A Conflict of Christian Hermeneutics in Roman Africa: Tyconius and Augustine. Berkeley, CA: Center for Hermeneutical Studies, 1989. Pbk. ISBN: 0892420596. pp.87. {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book P.F. Landes, “Tyconius and the End of the World,” Revue des études augustiniennes 28 (1982): 59-75.
Article in Journal or Book T. O’Loughlin, “Tyconius’s Use of the Canonical Gospels,” Revue bénédictine de critique 106 (1996): 229-33.
Article in Journal or Book A. Souter, “An Unrecorded Reference to the ‘Rules of Tynconius’,” Journal of Theological Studies 11 (1909-10): 562-563.
Article in Journal or Book A. Souter, “Tyconius’s Text of the Apocalypse: A Partial Restoration,” Journal of Theological Studies 14 (1913): 338-58.
Article in Journal or Book K.B. Steinhausen, “The Structure of Tyconius’s Commentary: A Correction,” Verbum Caro 35 (1981): 254-357.
Book or monograph K. Steinhausen, The Apocalpyse Commentary of Tyconius: A History of Its Reception and Influence. Berne: Lang, 1987.
Ticonius (Adrian Fortescue)